# How Can We Use Map() To Convert Strings To Integers In A Python List

If you’re working with data in Python, you may sometimes need to convert strings to integers. This can be especially tricky when the strings are contained in a list. So today, we’ll show you how to use map() to convert strings to integers in a Python list. Keep reading to learn more!

## What is the map() in Python?

The map() function is a Python built-in function that allows you “map” or applies a function to an iterable object, such as a list. The map() function takes two arguments: the first is the name of the function you want to apply, and the second is an iterable object that needs to be applied.

## How to use map() to convert strings to integers in a Python list?

In this case, we want to convert all of the strings in our list to integers using the map() function. To do this, we must create a new function that takes a string as an argument and returns an integer. We can call this function whatever we want, but for the sake of simplicity, we’ll just call it “convertToInt“.

### An example of using map() to convert strings to integers in a list

We can now use the map() function with the convertToInt() function to convert all of the strings in our list into integers. Assume we have the following string list:

['0', '2', '4', '1', '3', '5']

We can use the map() function as follows:

numberStrings = ['0', '2', '4', '1', '3', '5']

# Declare a function to convert a string to an int
def convertToInt(string):
return int(string)

# Convert strings to integers in a list using map()
mapObj = map(convertToInt, numberStrings)

# Convert the map object to a list
result = list(mapObj)
print(result) # [0, 2, 4, 1, 3, 5]

Output:

[0, 2, 4, 1, 3, 5]

Because map() returns a map object, remember to use the list() function to convert it back to a list!

### Another way to convert strings to integers in a list

Aside from map(), there is a faster approach to convert the strings in a list to integers. That is using list comprehension.

List comprehensions allow you to concisely apply a function to every element in a list, creating a new list as a result.

Unlike map(), we will not have to create the convertToInt() function because we will use int() directly in the list comprehension. As an example:

numberStrings = ['0', '2', '4', '1', '3', '5']

# Use the list comprehension to convert strings to integers in a list quickly
result = [int(v) for v in numberStrings]
print(result) # [0, 2, 4, 1, 3, 5]

Output:

[0, 2, 4, 1, 3, 5]

As you can see, list comprehension requires less code while getting the same output as map().

## Summary

The map() function is a simple way to convert strings to numbers in a list. Since map() applies a function to each element of a list, all you have to do is creating a function that converts a string to an integer and passes it into the map(). Try list comprehension if you need something faster and more concise (but more complex to comprehend than the map()). We hope you like this article about how to use map() to convert strings to integers in a Python list.

Have a great day!

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