How To Solve “Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token” Error In JavaScript

Uncaught SyntaxError Unexpected token

Similar to other programming languages, JavaScript has its own syntax. The error “Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token” shows that your code does not match the JavaScript syntax. It could be due to some typos in your code, a mistake when including a JavaScript file into HTML, or a wrong HTML in JavaScript code.

The reason for the error “Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token”

JavaScript has its own syntax for literals, variables, operators, expressions, keywords, and comments. When running your code, the JavaScript runtime tries to parse the code based on the JavaScript syntax. When it cannot do, it throws an error “Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token” with the position where the error occurs. Because it is a syntax error, there are many situations that can cause the error. Usually, it is due to you having an extra or missing a character or punctuation. Another reason is that you accidentally put some HTML code in your JavaScript code in the wrong way. You can reproduce the error with this example. You can easily see that I have an extra close bracket ‘)’, which causes the error.

Example code:

if (true)) {
    console.log('It is true');


if (true)) {
SyntaxError: Unexpected token ')'

How to solve the error

Example 1: Invalid syntax causes the error

There are many ways that your code has an invalid syntax that cause the error. Here I have an example in that I missed the open and close brackets of the if condition.

Example code:

let a = 1;
let b = 2;
let c = 3;

if (a + b == c) || (a == c) {
    console.log('a is ok');


if (a + b == c) || (a == c) {
SyntaxError: Unexpected token '||'

The error message will also show which is the unexpected token so that you can easily fix this error. You can also avoid invalid syntax in your code by using a suitable JavaScript snippet extension for your code editor, such as Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text, Atom,…

Example 2: Include a file that is not JavaScript to the script tag

Another common mistake that causes the error is including something that is not a valid JavaScript file in the script tag, maybe it is an HTML file.

Example code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

    <title>Page 1</title>
    <script src="index.html"></script>

    Some content!



Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token '<' (at index.html:1:1)

When you load the HTML code above in your browser, you will get the error in the console. Of course, to fix this error, you need to specify the right path to the JavaScript file that you want to use.

Example 3: Invalid HTML code in JavaScript code

Sometimes, you have some HTML code in your JavaScript code, for example, when you want to set the innerHTML value for an element. Make sure you use your HTML code as a string by putting it in the quotes or you will get a syntax error.

Example code:

let message = document.getElementById("message");

// This's right
message.innerHTML = '<div>Message content</div>'; 

// This cause an error
message.innerHTML = <div>Message content</div>; 


message.innerHTML = <div>Message content</div>; 
SyntaxError: Unexpected token '<'


In this tutorial, I have some examples to show you how to solve the error “Uncaught SyntaxError: Unexpected token” in JavaScript. You need to make sure your code has valid JavaScript syntax. Also, pay attention to having the right code when you use JavaScript with HTML.

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