Are you annoyed by the **NameError: name ‘sqrt’ is not defined in Python**? This post will discuss the causes of this error. We’ll also discuss the `sqrt()`

function and how to avoid making this error again.

**What is the **`sqrt()`

function?

`sqrt()`

function?The `sqrt()`

function calculates the square root of a number. For instance, to find the square root of 9, we would use the following code:

`sqrt(9)`

It would return: `3`

**Causes of the NameError: name ‘sqrt’ is not defined in Python**

**Use a function before importing**

When you try to use a function that hasn’t been imported into your program, Python throws a NameError, as shown in the following example.

num = 9 # Use a function that hasn't been imported result = sqrt(num) print(result)

**Error**:

`NameError: name 'sqrt' is not defined`

**Make a typo when defining**

You may be working with an unassigned variable if you make a typo when defining a variable or function. This is the cause of the error. For example:

# Make a typo when defining a function def sprt(num): print(f'sqrt({num})') # Try to use sqrt print(sqrt(9))

**Error**:

`NameError: name 'sqrt' is not defined`

**Call a function before declaring it**

Functions prevent us from repeating code. When using functions, one rule to remember is not to call the function before declaring it. Python will throw a NameError if you attempt to call a function before declaring it. As an example:

# Try to use sqrt() print(sqrt(9)) # Declare the sqrt() function def sqrt(num): result = num ** 0.5 return result

**Error**:

`NameError: name 'sqrt' is not defined`

**How to fix this error?**

**Import the Math module before using the sqrt() function**

It is important to remember to import a module before using it. Ensure to import math before using the `sqrt()`

function in the Math module!

# Import Math module first from math import sqrt # Then, use the sqrt() function print(sqrt(9))

**Output**:

`3.0`

**Using the custom **`sqrt()`

function

`sqrt()`

functionYou can write your `sqrt()`

function without importing any external libraries. The square root of `num`

can be easily calculated using the code `num**0.5`

.

Remember to check for typos and to declare the function before using it.

# Declare the sqrt() function def sqrt(num): return num ** 0.5 # Then, use the sqrt() function print(sqrt(9))

**Output**:

`3.0`

**How to avoid getting NameError in the future?**

Making your code well-organized and easy to read is one of the most important things you can do to avoid NameErrors. Use clear variable and function names, and comment on your code. These things will help you in detecting errors early before they cause problems.

**Summary**

In summary, importing the Math module and using the custom `sqrt()`

function will resolve the **NameError: name ‘sqrt’ is not defined**. We can avoid this error in the future by importing all required modules and using clear variable names. If you have any questions, please leave them in the comment section below.

Happy coding!

**Maybe you are interested**:

- NameError: name ‘pandas’ is not defined in Python
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Hi, I’m Cora Lopez. I have a passion for teaching programming languages such as Python, Java, Php, Javascript … I’m creating the free python course online. I hope this helps you in your learning journey.

**Name of the university: **HCMUE

**Major**: IT

**Programming Languages**: HTML/CSS/Javascript, PHP/sql/laravel, Python, Java